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Herbsaceous Plants

Arabic Name

ذيل الخروف

Latin Name

Reseda muricata , Resedaceae

English Name

Mignonette, dayl al kharouf

Reseda muricata is distributed on the Arabian peninsula and the Middle East. In Arabic, it is called dayl al kharouf. In Saudi Arabia, it can be found along the West Coast, Hejaz and on the East Coast up to the central regions. Reseda muricata is a perennial, biennial and in some regions only annual herb. It is a fairly fast-growing plant and looks like a dwarf shrub. It reaches a height of 40 cm and a spread of up to 50 cm. The lower leaves are entire lanceolate, while the upper leaves are ternate. The foliage is grey-green. Flowering begins in summer, with long yellow-whitish racemes about 10 cm long. The individual flowers are 4 mm in size. The fruits are capsules with serrated pits. The root system is lateral and deep. Propagation can be done by seeds. R. muricata is an indigenous plant and is very well adapted to harsh desert conditions. The herb is highly salt-tolerant. Maintenance requirements are very low after establishment, and irrigation will improve a good development of the plant. The use of dayl al kharouf in landscape design can be seen in the rehabilitation of natural plant cover, which means it can be considered for open country, as a coloniser or slope stabiliser, and for environmental consolidation. Reseda will grow as a groundcover and as grouped planting. And even for natural garden themes or parks like Wadi Hanifah, it will provide a pleasing display. In the extensive landscape surrounding Tuwaiq Palace in the Diplomatic Quarter, some specimens can be found which were distributed by self-seeding.

General information

Family Name : Resedaceae
Origin: Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Arid , Extremely Arid , Very Arid
Propagation: Direct Sowing
Maintenance: Low
Planting Phase: Biennial , Annual , Perennial

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: None
Salinity: High < 5,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fast Growing
Height: 0.4 M
Expansion: 0.5 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Green , Yellow
Size: 0.4 CM
Flowering Period: From Early June Till Mid August

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size: 0.1 CM

Location of Use :

Street Neighbour Planting , Open Country , Rock Garden , Hillside Stabilization , Park Planting , Steppe Garden , Roof Garden , Urban Area , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Environmental Consolidation , Ground Cover , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Shape , Nativ in Riyadh , Colonisers

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