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Shrubs (Sub-shrubs)

Arabic Name

الشفلح

Latin Name

Capparis spinosa , Capparaceae

English Name

Caper, lasaf, shaflah

Capparis spinosa has the common Arabic names shaflah, lasaf and malat. The shrub grows slowly to a height of 1 metre. It can often be seen in Arriyadh, particularly in cracks on the rocky edges of wadis. The branches with tiny spines in pairs grow from the ground and the 2–4 cm-small leaves are alternate; they have an ovate form and grey-green colour. The flowerbuds can be pickled to make capers, used in cooking. The beautiful flowers have four petals with stamens almost as long as the petals. The shrub is propagated by seed and cuttings. Capparis decidua has a number of common Arabic names including kerda and karir. The generic name is derived from the Arabic kapar. It is a slow-growing, small tree or shrub reaching a height of 5 metres and thrives on shallow, hard soils and stony outcrops. The Capparis is native to arid zones growing on rocky, clayey and silty soils in Africa, the Middle East and southern Asia. The branches seem to be leafless, because the leaves are only 2 mm in size. The bark turns silver-grey with time, and tiny spines in pairs are distributed over the branches. The flowers are bright red and conspicuous, and appear in small groups in spring and summer. In Africa, the fruits are used for camel fodder, where it is a very popular and useful plant in agroforestry. C. decidua grows on alkaline, sandy and gravelly soils. It is well adapted to drought, fire and frost. Both Capparis species are valuable for landscape design, afforestation and planting for erosion control. Low maintenance requirement.

General information

Family Name : Capparaceae
Origin: Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Very Arid
Propagation: Direct Sowing , Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: None
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Slow Growing
Height: From 0.3 m To 1 M
Expansion: From 0.6 To 2 M
Foliage: Deciduous

Flower

Colour: White , Purple
Size: From 5 To 7 CM
Flowering Period: From Early June Till Late August

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Berry
Size: From 3 To 5 CM
Toxicity: Edible , Edible when processed

Location of Use :

Street Neighbour Planting , Open Country , Rock Garden , Massed Planting , Hillside Planting , Park Planting , Steppe Garden , Extensive Roof Garden , Herb , Urban Area , Wadi Plant , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Wall Coping , Attractive to Bees , Attractive Flower , Screen , Crop Plant , Nativ in Riyadh , Wild Fruiting Plant , Medical Plant , Colonisers

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