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Cacti, Succulents

Arabic Name

شوك الشيطان

Latin Name

Kalanchoë daigremontiana , Crassulaceae

English Name

Devil’s Backbone, Maternity Plant

The Devil’s Backbone originates from southwest Madagascar, where the climate is quite similar to the dry, hot and rocky conditions in Arriyadh. It makes a gnarled round bush of about 1 metres in height. This succulent grows green stems sparsely aligned with opposite, fleshy leaves that produce tiny plantlets along the edges. These pseudo-bulbils appear in summer and root even before touching the ground. This may result in an abundant number of new plants and so this Kalanchoe has earned the other common name Maternity Plant. The foliage is pale-green freckled in red, and may bend upwards in dry conditions. Older plants show clusters of bright orange, tubular flowers at the beginning of summer. In autumn, the floral stems should be cut back and vigorous growth is achieved after pruning the plant back to the ground. The soil must be sandy to ensure excellent drainage. Established plants tolerate full sun and heat, but should be watered frequently. Partially sunny locations are also eligible, especially with some shade in the afternoon. While the Devil’s Backbone is resilient to most desert conditions, it will be killed by frost and overwatering. It makes an ideal specimen in rock gardens and can be grown in pots as a house plant or in containers to embellish a terrace or courtyard. They should be pinched occasionally to obtain lateral branching and a more compact growth. Maintenance requirements are low in appropriate locations. A serious hazard is the plant’s toxicity if ingested by livestock.

General information

Family Name : Crassulaceae
Origin: Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Extremely Arid , Very Arid
Propagation: Cuttings
Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Low
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Height: From 0.5 To 1.2 M
Expansion: From 0.3 To 1 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Orange Bright , Lilac Pastel
Size: 2 CM
Flowering Period: From Early May Till Late June

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size: 1 CM
Toxicity: Inedible

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Public Open Space , Pedestrian Precinct , Open Country , Rock Garden , Massed Planting , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Extensive Roof Garden , Roof Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Ground Cover , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Flower , Attractive Shape , Invasive Habit , Dominant Plant

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