ع
Trees

Arabic Name

الجكرندا

Latin Name

Jacaranda mimosifolia , Bignoniaceae

English Name

Jacaranda, Mimosa-Leaved Ebony

Native to tropical South America, this deciduous tree is an eye-catcher in full flower with large panicles of lilac or pale blue. These appear in spring before the foliage fully forms. Flowers may appear again in autumn, but less obviously, because of the dense bipinnate leaves. They resemble those of some acacias – hence its species’ name mimosifolia – but may immediately be distinguished for their opposite phyllotaxy. Jacaranda comes from the vernacular Brazilian name. They grow fast to a height of about 10 metres and equivalent width in sunny positions when the soil is fertile and frequently watered. The soil should contain compost and be fast-draining. Unfavourable conditions such as compacted soil or continual drought will lead to dead branches. The shallow-growing roots must not be damaged. Jacaranda is not often seen in Arriyadh; it is not particularly well suited to the climate and its growth often comes to a standstill. In Arriyadh’s coldest regions, the Jacaranda’s twigs may freeze, but trees soon recover just as if they had been pruned. The tree can be cut back in late winter. Large, flat, red-brown fruits somehow resemble ravioli and reveal seeds that easily germinate if watered for 24 hours before sowing. Jacarandas may be grown in pots for their attractive fern-like leaves, but flowers will not appear on such plants. Mature trees are flat-topped and their lacy foliage creates light summer shade. With summer humidity, they make specimens for pedestrian areas. In Arriyadh, unfortunately, they are not very successful.

General information

Family Name : Bignoniaceae
Origin: Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid
Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Moderate

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Medium
Salinity: Low < 1,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fast Growing
Height: From 10 To 20 M
Expansion: From 8 To 10 M
Foliage: Deciduous

Flower

Colour: Blue Light , Lilac Light
Size: From 15 To 20 CM
Flowering Period: From Early March Till Late May

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size: From 5 To 6 CM
Toxicity: Inedible

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Specimen , Tree Grille , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Cut Flower , Attractive Foliage , Wind Damage , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive to Bees , Attractive Flower , Fruit Drop , Attractive Shape

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