ع
Climbers

Arabic Name

الجهنمية

Latin Name

Bougainvillea glabra , Nyctaginaceae

English Name

Bougainvillea, Paper Flower, janamiyah

Bougainvillea, or janamiyah in Arabic, is a woody climber with an armour of strong thorns. It provides vivid splashes of colour in an arid environment and grows well in Arriyadh, although it will tolerate only a few degrees below freezing. On appropriate supports, it may reach a height of 10 metres with relatively fast growth rate. It tolerates full sun, wind if trained well on its support. The plant’s vigorous nature necessitates frequent attention and the branches require strong trellises or pergolas. In favourable conditions, the foliage is evergreen, while the tiny flower itself is white and insignificant. Much more spectacular are the clusters of papery bracts that come in shades of violet, magenta, pink, red, orange and white. Good drainage, nutrient-rich soil and frequent irrigation allow it to grow rapidly and produce a multitude of flowers from spring till autumn. During the winter months, the plants survive with little and should not be fertilised, in order to allow the plants to rest. Urban microclimates and drought are also tolerated, but at the cost of appearance. Bougainvillea glabra ‘Mini Thai’ is a dwarf variety with purple bracts. It grows slowly to a hemispherical, compact shrub 1.5 metres high and about 2 metres wide. This plant is best suited to growing in containers. Propagation is easy by means of hardwood cuttings in spring. Offshoots should be covered during rooting to ensure high humidity. Winter pruning of frost-damaged wood should be avoided, because it shelters new growth from surviving wood.

General information

Family Name : Nyctaginaceae
Origin: Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Cuttings
Maintenance: High

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Medium
Salinity: Low < 1,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fairly Fast Growing
Height: From 5 To 12 M
Expansion: From 4 To 5 M
Foliage: Semi Evergreen

Flower

Colour: White , Red , Purple , Orange , Violet , Magenta , Pink
Size: From 2 To 4 CM
Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late June

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Achene
Size: 0.4 CM

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Public Open Space , Massed Planting , Hillside Planting , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Flowering Hedge , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Ground Cover , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive to Birds , Attractive Flower , Screen , Topiary Plant , Dominant Plant

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