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Trees

Arabic Name

شجرة الفراشة، خف الجمل

Latin Name

Bauhinia purpurea , Caesalpiniaceae

English Name

Butter fly Tree, khof al gamal

The Butterfly Tree, or khof al gamal in Arabic, is native to southeast Asia and thrives well in hot, subtropical and tropical climates. It is one of the most desirable of small trees with a fast growth, reaching a maximum height of 6 to 10 metres, and a similar width. ere are many rather isolated occurrences of the tree in Arriyadh, but it will really look its best only in a protected environ- ment with shelter, high relative humidity and frequent irrigation. Foliage remains on the tree in mild winters, to be shed when the extraordinary flowers appear. Cold winters may induce a brief period of dormancy when the twigs become bare. Inorescences resemble orchids in colours from pink to magenta. ey measure some 12 cm across, attract bees and emit a light fragrance. Its fruits are brown pods 30 cm in length, lled with spherical seeds. ese easily germinate in sandy soil. e light-green leaves are bi-lobed, like a camel’s foot. ey sprout soon after flower- ring begins. Growth habit is an open canopy with arched branches, and Butterfly Trees are often multi-stemmed or grow as a shrub. e plants should not be exposed to wind. Pruning in winter is possible to achieve the desired shape and it is recommended for young plants in particular. Flower frequent irrigation, sufficient nutrients, good drainage and full sun will ensure a good appearance. It will survive drought, but becomes stunted and will not flower if humidity is too low. Bauhinias are ideal trees in urban areas and pedestrian precincts even in containers.

General information

Family Name : Caesalpiniaceae
Origin: Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Cuttings , Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Moderate
Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Medium , High
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Normal Growth Rate
Height: From 6 To 10 M
Expansion: From 6 To 10 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Purple
Size: 12 CM
Flowering Period: From Late December Till Early October
Smell: Flower , Scented

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Pod
Size: 20 CM

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