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Herbsaceous Plants

Arabic Name

الغاب

Latin Name

Arundo donax , Poaceae

English Name

Arundo, Giant Cane, ghab

Giant Cane, or ghab in Arabic, is a perennial grass which grows in both wet soils, primarily along watercourses, and relatively dry locations, where the conditions can be either fresh or moderately saline. Originally from Asia, it has been cultivated for thousands of years in southern Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East. It is often seen in the Arriyadh region growing on the banks of small ponds or where there are culvert outfalls. A. donax can reach a height of up to 6 metres. The long, straight leaves are a lush green, and the flowers appear in late summer as feathery plumes, which are of a high aesthetic value in the wind when the sun shines through them from behind. Its rhizomes can spread invasively and create dense mats; the roots reach a depth of 1 metre. A small piece, split off the root mass, will root again further downstream, establishing a new plant. The plant is well adapted to floods and is easily propagated by rhizomes or seeds. The grass stems contain silica making them strong and flexible. They are also hollow and can be used as fishing rods and walking sticks, as well as for flutes. A. donax can be planted on the edges of lakes and ponds, watercourses or as a slope stabilizer. It is also used for wind shelter plantations or as a screen. Considerable maintenance measures are required where the plant has grown vigorously and the roots have become invasive; mechanical force is then necessary to reduce the stand.

General information

Family Name : Poaceae
Origin: Mediterranean
Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Cuttings , Division
Maintenance: High
Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Resistant
Irrigation: Medium
Salinity: High < 5,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -12°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fast Growing
Height: From 2 To 6 M
Expansion: From 2 To 6 M
Foliage: Evergreen , Semi Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Yellow
Size: From 30 To 60 CM
Flowering Period: From Early September Till Late December

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Achene
Size: 1.8 CM

Location of Use :

Open Country , Massed Planting , Container Planting , Hillside Stabilization , Park Planting , Pond Edge , Stream Edge , Grove Planting , Specimen , Swamp , Wadi Plant

Other choices :

Cut Flower , Shoreline Stabilization , Propagation by Runners , Environmental Consolidation , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Invasive Roots , Attractive Flower , Screen , Shelter , Attractive Shape , Invasive Habit , Crop Plant

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