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Trees

Arabic Name

اللهب الأصفر

Latin Name

Peltophorum pterocarpum , Caesalpiniaceae

English Name

Yellow Poinciana, Rusty Shieldbearer, Copper Pod

Bearing names such as Yellow Poinciana, Rusty Shieldbearer and Copper Pod, this is a showy, flowering tree, native to tropical Asia and Australia, and introduced to the Arabian peninsula. Not often seen in Arriyadh, where it may lose its leaves during a long dry period, the leaves reappearing quickly with the flowers. It grows rapidly to 20 metres high and 10 metres wide, and has an umbrella-like crown with fuzzy, rusty-red twigs. The rich green, bipinnate leaves are about 60 cm long with oval leaflets. Bold, yellow, nocturnally fragrant flowers, with crinkled petals, each with a brown spot, are borne on spectacular, upright racemes about 45 cm long, blanketing the tops of trees. Large bunches of the copper-coloured fruit, containing flattened, oblong seeds, are attractive at first, but later look untidy because they remain on the tree for months. P. pterocarpum requires light shade to full sun, and cannot tolerate heavy frost. It is very salt-tolerant, preferring moist, well-drained, sandy soil. Being drought-resistant, irrigation requirements are moderate. Propagation is by seed, which needs to be scarified. Yellow Poinciana is an excellent shade, street tree and a specimen tree, if plenty of space is available. It needs regular pruning, when young, to keep the tree dense and in shape. Care should be taken not to plant it too close to structures and hard paving, since the trees have shallow root systems. Generally pest- and disease-free, this is a low-maintenance tree, which may create a leaf litter problem, if not kept neat.

General information

Family Name : Caesalpiniaceae
Origin: Tropical
Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: High
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fast Growing
Height: From 10 To 20 M
Expansion: From 6 To 10 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Yellow Bright , Orange Deep
Size: From 15 To 45 CM
Flowering Period: From Early June Till Late August
Smell: Flower , Scented

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Pod
Size: 10 CM

Location of Use :

Public Open Space , Cars Park , Pedestrian Precinct , Highway Planting , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Specimen , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Plant Used by ADA , Good Scent , Attractive Flower , Dominant Plant

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