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Herbsaceous Plants

Arabic Name

يرق، أذان الحمار، إذن الحمار

Latin Name

Moricandia sinaica , Crucifereae

English Name

Moricandia, yurak, audthan al himar, ithn al himar

A perennial herb, known as yurak or audthan al himar, growing to a height of 75 cm in isolated bushes on silty and gravelly ground, this native plant is widespread in the desert around Arriyadh. Erect, tough, green branches with broad leaves up to 10 cm long wrap round the stem. Pinkish-blue flowers are borne in the spring and the fruit is an erect, cylindrical silique 7 cm long. The whole plant has an attractive purplish cast to its appearance. Fast-growing, it has lateral, deep roots and is very hardy and drought-tolerant with a moderate salt tolerance. Propagation is easy from seeds. M. sinaica has good potential for landscape design use as a groundcover and colourful accent in desert schemes. Apart from occasional tidying up and some water in summer to improve its appearance, it requires very little maintenance.

General information

Family Name : Crucifereae
Origin: Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Arid , Extremely Arid , Very Arid
Propagation: Direct Sowing , Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Low
Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: None
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Height: From 0.5 To 0.75 M
Expansion: From 0.5 To 0.8 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Olive Green , Pink Pastel
Size: 1 CM
Flowering Period: From Early March Till Late May

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Silique
Size: 7 CM

Location of Use :

Street Neighbour Planting , Open Country , Rock Garden , Steppe Garden , Urban Area , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Shoreline Stabilization , Environmental Consolidation , Ground Cover , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive to Bees , Attractive Shape , Nativ in Riyadh , Colonisers

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