ع
Trees

Arabic Name

الجميز، الحماط

Latin Name

Ficus pseudosycomorus , Moraceae

English Name

Sycamore Fig, Wild Fig, jumais, hammat

The Wild Fig (jumais or hammat in Arabic) is related to the cultivated fig tree and can be found in sheltered ravines and outcrops in many places in the ArArriyadh region. The tree grows rapidly to 5 metres in height with many branches from the bottom of the trunk. The dense foliage is comprised of simple, leathery, dark-green leaves up to 10 cm long. Small flowers appear from spring to early summer followed by tiny figs, which are edible and yellow, when ripe. The fruit also has medicinal properties. F. pseudosycomorus grows on rocky cliffsides, where it sends out long roots. Extremely drought-tolerant, it is also to be found at the foot of slopes in gravelly sands. The tree has a low tolerance to salinity. Propagation is by seed and cuttings. The Wild Fig is browsed by camels, so that many trees are stunted and cropped down to a low bush, where camels have reached them. F. pseudo-sycomorus has landscape value for planting on rocky slopes. It requires very little maintenance and the occasional deep watering in summer will improve the appearance of its foliage

General information

Family Name : Moraceae
Origin: Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Extremely Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Cuttings , Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Moderate

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Resistant
Irrigation: Low
Salinity: High < 5,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Height: 10 M
Expansion: 8 M
Foliage: Evergreen , Semi Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Green
Size: 0.5 CM
Flowering Period: From Early May Till Late June

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Drupe(fleshy/juicy)
Size: From 2 To 3 CM
Toxicity: Edible , Fruit

Location of Use :

Open Country , Rock Garden , Hillside Planting , Container Planting , Hillside Stabilization , Park Planting , Stream Edge , Private Garden , Specimen , Suitable For Commercial Use , Wadi Plant

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Shoreline Stabilization , Environmental Consolidation , Attractive to Birds , Invasive Roots , Screen , Fruit Drop , Shelter , Crop Plant , Nativ in Riyadh , Wild Fruiting Plant , Dominant Plant , Medical Plant , Colonisers

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