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Trees

Arabic Name

سيسبان

Latin Name

Sesbania sesban , Leguminosae

English Name

Egyptian Rattle Pod, nowm, sasban

In northeast Africa, this shrub may be encountered in dry riverbeds and swamp banks along streams. The Egyptian Rattle Pod adapts to its environment by growing shrubby, as a multi-trunked tree or as specimen with a single stem. Mature plants range between 2 and 8 metres in size. Its deciduous foliage is pinnately compound, some 18 cm long, with many pairs of oblong leaflets which measure about 2 cm in length. Attractive bright-yellow flowers are borne in racemes mainly in spring, when humidity and warmth indicate good conditions both for pollinators and for the shrub. In its tropical homelands, this plant produces flowers when the rain periods start. This species flowers in deep yellow, white and in intermediate shades. After the pea-shaped blossoms are pollinated, long, narrow pods develop containing up to 50 seeds each. As with other leguminous plants, the Egyptian Rattle Pods improve the soil by fixing nitrogen and adding humus. Their foliage is used as green manure and as forage for livestock. For its attractiveness and multiple uses, this species has long been grown beyond its native habitats, spreading widely in Africa and Asia. It is resistant to stagnant water and poor soil conditions including alkalinity and high salt content. Drought will lead to dormancy. Sowing is the most appropriate method of propagation, but the hard, bean-like seeds need some encouragement through scarification. Since it is widely adaptable and tolerant of adverse conditions, this shrub can be integrated into almost any landscape situation.

General information

Family Name : Leguminosae
Origin: Tropical , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Vulnerable
Desiccation: Resistant
Drought: Resistant
Irrigation: Low
Salinity: Very High > 5,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Fast Growing , Fairly Fast Growing , Normal Growth Rate
Height: From 2 To 8 M
Expansion: From 1.5 To 6 M
Foliage: Deciduous

Flower

Colour: Yellow
Size: 10 CM
Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late June

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Pod
Size: 30 CM

Location of Use :

Public Open Space , Pedestrian Precinct , Park Planting , Stream Edge , Private Garden , Hedge , Flowering Hedge , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area , Wadi Plant

Other choices :

Grouped Planting , Attractive Flower , Fruit Drop

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