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Palms, Cycads

Arabic Name

السرخس، السيكاس المرتد

Latin Name

Cycas revoluta , Cycadaceae

English Name

Cycad, Fern Palm, Sago Palm

Fern or Sago Palm is the common name for this plant, which many believe to be a palm tree, because of its fronds. C. revoluta belongs to a special plant family called cycads, which produce cones instead of flowers. It is native to southern Japan. There are some excellent specimens at Kasr Tuwaiq in the Diplomatic Quarter. It eventually grows to the proportions of a small tree, reaching a height of 2 to 3 metres. The Cycas reaches maturity at the age of 100, but it is very slow-growing and a specimen at this age will have a trunk of 7 metres. The evergreen, leathery, long leaves are in a very symmetrical order at top of the stem. The plant is dioecious: the male plant develops an impressive cone for pollen production, and the female plants bear groups of nut-like seeds that can be used for propagation, which can also be carried out by removing the basal offsets. Cycas prefers sandy to clayey soil with some humus content. It does not like salinity and requires adequate irrigation and a minimum of air humidity. The Sago will grow well in the shade of trees and is best planted to receive morning sun. Pruning is not required. C. revoluta is a very attractive plant, because of its dark-green leaves and regular and symmetrical growth. It survives the intense, dry heat of Arriyadh, and sometimes direct sun, remarkably well, giving a lush, tropical impression. Attractive planting schemes can be created with Cycas as accent or specimen plants or in groups in parks, gardens or pedestrian precincts.

General information

Family Name : Cycadaceae
Origin: Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Extremely Humid , Very Humid , Semi Humid
Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Resistant
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Medium
Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -9°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Very Slow Growing
Height: From 2 To 3 M
Expansion: From 1.5 To 3.5 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: Yellow
Size: 30 CM
Flowering Period: From Early June Till Late August

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Drupe (leathery/fibrous)
Size: 4 CM
Toxicity: Edible when processed , Poisonous , Fruit , Shoot

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Public Open Space , Pedestrian Precinct , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Specimen , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Fruits , Attractive Shape , Dominant Plant , Medical Plant

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