ع
Trees

Arabic Name

الليمون

Latin Name

Citrus limon , Rutaceae

English Name

Lemon

Lemons grow on small evergreen trees originating in southeast Asia. The fruit has been cultivated since ancient times. Often seen on farms in the Arriyadh region, the lemon tree is also a good ornamental tree for the garden, not least because of the excellent fragrance of its blossoms. Trees may be trained to a handsome shape. The bright yellow colour of the fruit contrasts well with the dark-green leaves. Alkaline soil and high salinity may cause chlorosis, which can be cured by applying iron chelate: soil should be well drained and sandy. Seedlings should not been grown because they often exhibit thorny twigs and plenty of water sprouts. Many cultivars may be reproduced by large cuttings, while cash crops are budded to ensure maximum fruit production. Trees should be spaced 7 metres apart. They should be pruned to a compact shape and rejuvenated by severe cutting back after ten years. Weedkillers should not be sprayed, since lemon trees are highly sensitive to herbicides. Commercial growers withhold irrigation in summer for a few weeks until the trees begin to wilt. After heavy watering and high nitrogen fertilisation, an enormous bloom is induced in early autumn. C. limon is susceptible to mealybugs and aphids and a citrus virus disease. Terracotta containers with lemon trees have a high ornamental value.

General information

Family Name : Rutaceae
Origin: Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Rainfall: Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Propagation: Grafting , Cuttings , Sowing and Pricking Out
Maintenance: High

Environmental conditions

Urban Climate: Vulnerable
Desiccation: Vulnerable
Drought: Vulnerable
Irrigation: Medium
Salinity: Low < 1,000 ppm
Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Vigour: Normal Growth Rate
Height: From 3 To 7 M
Expansion: From 3 To 9 M
Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour: White , Purple
Size: From 1 To 2 CM
Flowering Period: From Early September Till Late October
Smell: Sweet

Fruit

Type Of Fruit: Berry
Size: From 7 To 12 CM
Toxicity: Edible

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Public Open Space , Pedestrian Precinct , Swimming Pool Planting , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Herb , Specimen , Wadi Farm Garden

Other choices :

Mythological , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Fruits , Attractive to Bees , Good Scent , Attractive Flower , Fruit Drop , Wild Fruiting Plant , Dominant Plant , Medical Plant , Cultivated Fruit Plant

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